Breast cancer. Stages, diagnostics, symptoms

Breast cancer is a very common disease among females over 50 years old, it can also happen in males. Breast cancer is characterized by cancerous growths in the breast tissue. Today, we are going to give you some background information on this type of cancer in order to raise awareness and help you gain a better understanding of the disease.

The symptoms include:

  • Lumps;
  • Thickened breast tissue;
  • Changes in shape, size or color of a breast;
  • Change in pigmentation;
  • Newly flat nipple;
  • Redness and inexplicable rashes.

This type of cancer is diagnosed with:

  • Medical sonography;
  • Mammography;
  • MRI;
  • Excisional biopsy.

There exist various stages of cancer, including:

Stage 0. It was found early and didn’t spread away from ducts or glands.

Stage 1. It was able to break free and invade normal tissue.

  • Stage 1-A. It spread into adipose tissue in the breast.
  • Stage 1-B. A few cancerous cells were located in lymph glands.

Stage 2. It is spreading, growing or both.

  • Stage 2-A. The tumour in the breast is relatively small or there might not be one.
  • Stage 2-B. The tumour is as big as a walnut.

Stage 3. The cancer is hard to fight, it won’t just go away after you purchase Nolvadex and undergo the full medical therapy. It’s advanced.

  • Stage 3-A. Cancer’s been located in up to 9 of lymph glands.
  • Stage 3-B. Cancer has spread into the thoracic wall or cutaneous tissue even it didn’t affect lymph glands.
  • Stage 3-C. Ten or more lymph glands or spreading above/below the clavicle.

Stage 4. Metastatic cancer stage. It’s spread far beyond its original site. Metastatic cancer is commonly found in brain, liver, lungs or bones.

There’s enough data to come up with precise survival rates for at least five following years after the diagnosis. The survival rates based on the stage of cancer:

  • Stage 0: 100%
  • Stage 1: 100%
  • Stage 2: 94%
  • Stage 3: 73%
  • Stage 4: 23%

In order to make sure that you live a long and fulfilling life, do not hesitate to contact a specialist if you notice a suspicious growth in your breasts. If diagnosed early, breast cancer is not dangerous at all.